Love a Chihuahua, it will brighten your day!

Phone: 315-206-4013 Located: Holland Patent, New York Email: [email protected]

Puppy Health Information Sheet

Reversed Sneezing

A fit of sneezing, snorting, honking and wheezing are not necessarily a collpased trachea. Pulling on a leash (which a harness should always be used). Drinking to fast or excitement can cause reversed sneezing. This is usually caused by a elongated soft palate that is thought to become temporarily misaligned. It is a common trait in toy breeds. Although this may appear to be scary, it only last a few short seconds and can be ended by massaging the dog's neck and throat and encouraging the dog to swallow. Other ways to slow the reverse sneeze is to clap your hands, distract the dog or close off the dog's nostrils with your fingers, simply forcing them to breathe through their mouths and to swallow.

Subluxation of the patella

In dog lingo, subluxation of the patella is called slipped stifles or loose kneecaps. When it occurs, the kneecap (we're talking about the rear legs) slips out of its groove - sometimes often and sometimes rarely - depending on the severity of the problem. If your dog is one of the unlucky few whose kneecaps slip often, surgery may be the solution. A dog with a mild case can live a normal life, kind of like a person with a trick knee. Subluxation of the patella is a relatively common problem in small breeds and some large ones as well.

 

Hypoglycemia (low blood sugar)

Tiny dogs, puppies in particular, do not have an adequate supply of internal fat to maintain a constant blood sugar level.  Hypoglycemic episodes can happen in times of stress, illness, or going too long without food.  Make sure your new puppy has food available at all times for the first few weeks and never leave the puppy alone for extended periods of time until he has fully adjusted to his new environment and is eating on a regular basis.  Always keep honey or Karo syrup on hand in case of an emergency, you can also purchase Puppy Nutri-Cal (found in pet stores).  The first signs of hypoglycemia are usually staggering, unsteadiness, weakness, lethargy.  Can lead to unresponsiveness and seizures.  This is an emergency and you must act quickly!  Cover a fingertip in Nutri-Cal or honey and get it into the dogs mouth, rub into gums and try to pry mouth open if he will not lap it up on his own.  Once he gets the taste of it, he should start to lap on his own and come around fairly quickly.  Make sure the pup starts eating adequately, you can offer plain yogurt, meat baby food or boiled chicken bits to induce an appetite.  If pup is refusing all food, you must seek veterinary advice.

Collapsing Trachea

Collapsing trachea is a problem for toy dogs of many breeds. The symptoms include coughing, shortness of breath, and exhaustion. Although it appears more often in dogs older than 5 years, an occasional puppy has it from birth. To understand the condition, think of the trachea as a straw made of cartilage that carries air from the neck to the chest. When the cartilage collapses, breathing becomes difficult, kind of like sipping soda through a flattened straw. Your vet can treat the condition with medication, but if you smoke, your Chi's prognosis may be poor. Secondhand smoke is a proven contributing factor to the problem...and smoke tends to settle low, where a little dog's nose is.

 

Heart murmur

Heart murmurs are relatively uncommon in chihuahuas and even those that have one usually have the functional type. As in people, that means they can be as active and athletic as they want and live long, normal lives

Molera

The Chihuahua's molera (a.k.a. fontanel) is considered a breed characteristic and not a defect. Most chihuahuas (80 to 90 percent) have a molera - a soft spot on the top of their head similar to a human baby's soft spot. But unlike babies, most chihuahuas don't outgrow it. Although it usually shrinks as the dog matures and ends up between nickel-and dime-sized, it will not be a problem as long as you're gentle when petting or handling his head. In rare cases, the molera remains quite large and can be a sign of a serious problem called hydrocephalus. Visit here for more info. on the Molera

Hydrocephalus

A dog with hydrocephalus (a.k.a. water on the brain) may have an unuaually large head for his size caused by swelling. Other signs of this fatal condition are frequent falling, seizures, a lot of white showing in the eyes, east-west eyes (the opposite of crossed eyes), an unsteady gait. A dog with hydrocephalus can be in pain and won't live long, so euthanasia is the humane solution. (euthanasia is the medical term for a humane, vet-assisted death.) There are medications that can be used to help limit the amount of water build up in the brain.

Teacup Myth

There is no such thing as a Teacup, Pocket Pet, Micro, Mini, Pipsqueak, or any other term used by some uneducated breeders to describe the size of a Chihuahua. Please visit the Chihuahua Club website for information pertaining to the term "Teacup" Visit here If a breeder is using the term teacup or any other term to distinquish or charge more, just shows how uneducated they are in the breed. Also, visit this link to learn about the acceptable standards of the Chihuahua.

Quote: "The Chihuahua Club of America does not endorse nor condone the use of any of these terms and would caution the perspective puppy buyer not to be misled by them".

 

Watch your new puppy’s stool.

Coccidia

 

Coccidia generally appears when your Chihuahua is going through a stressful period in their life.

Coccidia could appear from stress of weather changes, a puppy weaning, overcrowding, long car or plane ride, going to a new home with their new owners, unsanitary conditions, food changes, or any new situation for your Chihuahua.

Coccidia is a single cell organism that infects your Chihuahua's intestines. Coccidia can only be detected in a fecal test because the parasites are microscopic and can't be seen by the naked eye.

A Coccidia infection can cause your Chihuahua to have watery diarrhea which can also be bloody (this is in severe cases) and can be life threatening in young and small Chihuahuas. The reason it can be life threatening, is when your Chihuahua loses fluid and causes your Chihuahua to become dehydranted. However, Coccidia can cause mild symptoms, which can go unnoticed and disappears out of your Chihuahua.

Young puppies can be infected with Coccidia, even if you get your Chihuahua from a good breeder because the puppies can recieve it from their Mother's feces.Symptoms

 

1. Watery, thick mucus, and light colored fecal matter.

2. Straining when trying to have a bowel movement.

3. Rapid dehydration.

4. Weight loss

5. Bloody diarrhea is noticed in severe cases.

Treating Coccidia doesn't cost a lot of money and is extremely effective and routine. Your Veterinarian can diagnose coccidia through a feces sample from your Chihuahua, which should be done at the first check up after you purchase your Chihuahua because you will want to have your Veterinarian check your Chihuahua for any worms any way!

Your Veterinarian will prescribe medication that can eliminate or reduce the level that your Chihuahua's immune system can make it's own progress against the infection. Permanent damage to the gastrointestinal system is rare and your Chihuahua will most likely make a complete recovery without long lasting negative effects.

The most common drugs used to treat Coccidia infections are Albon, Bactrovet, or Tribrissen. (These drugs shouldn't be given to dogs that are pregnant.) Using these drugs will stop the production of coccidia organisms and will let your Chihuahua's immune system to catch up and wipe the infection out.

Usually a good 5 days of medication of the above drugs should be enough to help your Chihuahua's immune system to take over fighting this infection. However, the medication should be given until the diarrhea stops. If your Chihuahua continues to have diarrhea and you have given the above drugs for 5 days and your Chihuahua's diarrhea hasn't stopped, then I would contact your Veterinarian and have your Chihuahua checked out again!

Cockroaches and flies can carry coccidia from one place to another. Mice and other animals can ingest the coccidia and when they are killed and eaten by a dog, can infect the dog with coccidia. So it is important that insects and rodents are under control, to prevent Coccidia.

The coccidia species of dogs and cats don't infect humans!

 

Kennel Cough

Canine Infectious Tracheobronchitis Or Kennel Cough

 

Kennel Cough is a misleading term because Kennel Cough can be contracted by dogs who never been near a kennel! Dogs can pick up the disease in many different situations, such as dog shows, dog groomers, training classes, at your Veterinary, contact with other dogs, taking them to your local pet store, on walks, and passing dogs in the street. Kennel cough is an airborne virus. Kennel cough is very contagious disease which affects the respiratory system of your Chihuahua. It can be influenced by many environmental factors, which is usually produced by a combination of bacterial and viral agents. Your Chihuahua may not display any symptoms of kennel cough for a period of 8 to 10 days, that is the incubation period from the time your Chihuahua was exposed to kennel cough.Kennel Cough Symptoms

 

A spontaneous, dry hacking cough or a honking sound, a non-productive cough, (which is easily induced) wheezing, retching, a sound that is described like something was caught in their throat, sound like they are choking, watery nose and eye discharge, lack of appetite, not drinking as much water as they normally do, lethargic, fever, and just acting sick.

There are several different organisms that can cause different viruses and bacteria, that includes, Bordetella Bronchiseptia (airborne bacteria), Canine Parainfluenza (virus), and Mycoplasma (an organism between a virus and a bacteria).

The treatment of the disease is dependent on how severe the case of Kennel Cough is. Treatment could be cough suppressants, antibiotics, bronchodilators, and sprays. You should wash you Chihuahua's bedding often. In most cases kennel cough will resolve in 10 days to 3 weeks. Your Chihuahua should be seen by your Veterinarian, if their cough lasts longer than 2 weeks.

Antibiotics may be prescribed to prevent secondary bacterial infections, such as pneumonia. You can also cup your hands, and pat your Chihuahua's chest and you can also use steam inhalation to help your Chihuahua's cough.

Kennel Cough can last for 4 weeks and your pet will be contagious to other dogs for up to 3 months. So preventing kennel cough is the best thing to do!

Since there are so many different strains and mutations of the virus that is out there, the vaccine Bordatella won't cover them all! So even though your Chihuahua may have been given a Bordatella vaccine, they still can get kennel cough!

There is no cure for kennel cough but time!